Climate change, security, sensors

Associate CNR”, formerly at IDASC (CNR), now merged into INM (CNR)
IEVPC – International Earthquake and Volcano Prediction Center
ISSO – International Seismic Safety Organization, Rome, Italy
IASCC – Institute for Advanced Studies in Climate Change
ICES – International Center for Earth’s Sciences (co-founder)


A concise threefold illustration is given: (i) of climate change on the gigayear (Ga) time scale through the nanosecond (nsec) time scale, (ii) of the role of the performance of solid materials, concerning both manmade and natural structures with reference to security, and (iii) of the exploitation of the electrostatic energy of the atmospheric electrical circuit.

Several unfortunate misunderstandings are highlighted that bias the present generally agreed beliefs.

The typical natural pace of the Earth’s “electrocardiogram”, ~27.4 Ma, is such that, at present, for the first time humankind must challenge an Earth’s “heartbeat”. A correct use of sensors is urgently needed – much more than ever occurred in the past – in order to get an efficient monitoring of the ongoing climate change, and upon considering a suitable wide domain both in space and time. This is crucial for the future. Both anthropic and natural drivers are to be considered.

A suitable focus is deserved on an enormous – steadily refilling and almost unlimited – reservoir of natural “clean” energy. Such a great resource can be concretely exploited, although only after carrying out a correct monitoring and interpretation. The primary supply, inside deep Earth, is a result of a twofold action by the lunisolar tide and by the modulation by the electromagnetic (e.m.) induction by the solar wind.

The impact on the biosphere is manifested as a steady regeneration of microorganisms at the deep ocean floors, supplied by endogenous CH4. Microorganisms are thus the beginning of an ever rejuvenating primary food chain. The natural climate change implies therefore a permanent evolution of living forms. On the longer time-scale, a permanent cycle is thus triggered of species extinction and/or generation. In addition, owing to such a process, some living forms are likely to exist underground also on other planetary objects. That is, life ought to be a ubiquitous intrinsic endogenic feature of matter, while life survival, evolution and/or extinction, ought to depend on the available hosting environment.

A brief remind is finally given about sensors that ought to monitor solid materials – with application (i) to every kind of machinery, of building, of viaduct or bridge, of vehicle, aircraft, rocket, etc. and (ii) for a correct (and unprecedented) monitoring of the electric field at ground, which is the strictly required prerequisite for the exploitation of the electrostatic energy of the atmospheric electric circuit.


Giovanni P. Gregori got in 1961 the degree in Physics at the University of Milan, and in 1991 the “Libera Docenza” in Terrestrial physics. Between June 1963 through October 2005 (retirement) he served as research scientist at CNR – formerly at CENFAN (later on IFA and now ISAC), and later on at IDASC.

Since 1991 elected “Associate” of the Royal Astronomical Society, since 1999 Foreign Member and later Honorary Member of the Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft e. V., Arbeitskreis Geschichte der Geophysik, and more recently member of the Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER). He has been active in the international community. In particular, he spent some time at Bell Labs (Summit, New Jersey), and during several years he co-worked with Louis J. Lanzerotti, mainly on the e.m. induction in the Earth and in TAT (Trans-Atlantic Communication) systems. A few other issues are e.g.: in 1982 member of the Panel on the Earth’s Electrical Environment of the National Research Council of USA; in 1983-1987 Co-chairman of the Interdivisional Commission of IAGA for External/Internal (E/I) Geomagnetic Relations; in 1987-1991 Chairman of the WG V-3 of IAGA on the E/I Geomagnetic Relations; in 1991-1995 member of the Executive Committee of IAGA; in 1995-1999 Chairman of the Interdivisional Commission on History of IAGA.

At present, he is “Associate Scientist” of IEVPC (International Earthquake and Volcano Center), member of ISSO (International Seismic Safety Organization), “Research Associate” of IASCC (Institute for Advanced Studies in Climate Change), and he has been a co-founder of ICES (International Centre for Earth’s Sciences). He is in the Editorial Board of: History of Geophysics and Space Physics (HGSS) [EGU – Copernicus], of New Concepts of Global Tectonics (NCGT) [IEVPC], and of Atmosphere [MDPI]. He is author or coauthor of a few hundred papers: A special remind is deserved for two monographs, published respectively in 2002 on Galaxy-Sun-Earth relations, and in 2005 on Relativity, quanta, gravitation and cosmology. Since 2005, in 13 years he completed an 8-volume set on Climate and the atmospheric electrical circuit: the electromagnetic coupling between solar wind and Earth, that will be published free on the web, as soon as permissions are granted to use figures and tables from the literature. He has also owned an international patent on a method for the dynamic quantitative characterization of the ageing of solid materials. His present interests are Earth sciences, fundamentals of theoretical physics, archaeoastronomy, security.